Viewers are familiar with common objects such as books, atlases, fur, ceramic and wood. These are some of the materials used in my sculptures. On occasion I will purchase a book or fabricate an object for a specific idea, such as the steel rod and wooden leg in, The Portable Knowledge of Obsolescence, for example. The viewer visually engages with the re-contextualized artwork, which might otherwise have gone unnoticed in its customary setting, and participates in its transformation through a critique or dialogue. To visually engage with the object as a phenomenological experience, is my objective; beyond concept, above references, each piece explores the reciprocity between meaning and structure as comprehended subliminally through the senses.